Islamic-Based Parties Losing Support
Islamic issues are very important to Indonesian voters, however. Almost every politician endeavors to demonstrate their support for Islamic issues (halal, haj, syariah) even if they are not observant. However, as an organizing principle for political parties, secular/nationalism has been more dominant. New polling shows that Indonesia’s established Islam-based parties could face a tough challenge to maintain their legislative standing in the upcoming 2024 general elections amid a lack of popular leaders to attract voters in an increasingly crowded political space filled by many new parties, experts have said. Recent surveys have highlighted the challenges to attract voters for the Islam-based parties that had participated in previous elections, namely the National Mandate Party (PAN), National Awakening Party (PKB), Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), the United Development Party (PPP) and the Crescent Moon Party (PBB). A February survey by Jakarta-based pollster Indikator Politik Indonesia revealed that if the legislative elections were being held at that time, the PKB and PKS would only get 8 percent and 5 percent of the vote, respectively. Meanwhile, support for other Islam-based parties was below the 4 percent parliamentary threshold.